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gonorrhoea in pregnancy

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Diagnosis and treatment of gonorrhoea is similar to in the non-pregnant. Endocervical swabs are safe though care should be taken especially if placenta praevia is suspected.

Management:

  • seek specialist advice
  • in gonococcal infection in pregnancy
    • a systematic review concerning treatment of gonorrhoea in pregnancy (1) found that various antibiotic treatments (amoxicillin plus probenecid, spectinomycin, ceftriaxone, cefixime) were effective for curing gonorrhoea in pregnant women. There were no reports of serious adverse effects
      • recommended treatment of isolated gonorrhoea in pregnancy (2) is either cefixime 400mg single oral dose (3) or ceftriaxone 250mg IM or 3g amoxicillin plus 1g probenecid orally or cefotaxime 500mg IM or spectinomycin 2g IM
      • tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones should be avoided in pregnancy
    • consider concurrent chlamydia infection - about 50% of women with gonococcal infection harbor concurrent chlamydial infection (2)

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