This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Login | Register
Medical search

amylase

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 open access pages.

Amylase is a hydrolytic enzyme present in large amounts in the pancreas, within acinar cells, and salivary glands. It is present in smaller amounts in other tissues. It cleaves alpha-1,4-glucosidic bonds in glucose polymers such as starch and glycogen. It requires co-factors chloride and calcium ions. It is cleared by the kidney and hence, there is a small amount of amylase activity within urine.

Serum amylase is normally measured in the diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. Total levels are usually reported, although it is possible to distinguish P and S amylase from the pancreas and salivary glands respectively. As differentiation requires electrophoresis, this is not commonly warranted in the emergency situation where rapid, automated chromogenic assays are used.

Amylase assay on pleural or peritoneal fluid may be used to diagnose a pancreatic fistula.

Links:

The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook.