Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS)
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Guillain-Barre syndrome is an acute, inflammatory, postinfectious polyneuropathy.

A prodromal malaise with vomiting, headache, fever and limb pains is rapidly surmounted by a progressive and ascending paralysis. This can lead to respiratory dysfunction, and as such, the acute presentation can be a neurological emergency.

The incidence of the Guillain-Barre syndrome is 2 per 100 000 per year.