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auricularis muscle (anatomy)

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Auricularis is one of the superficial facial muscles. There are thought to be three parts, each originating from the plane of the galeal aponeurosis:

  • auricularis anterior; sited anteriorly and protracts ear
  • auricularis posterior; sited posteriorly and retracts ear
  • auricularis superior; sited superiorly and elevates ear

All three parts insert into the cartilage of ear. Auricularis is innervated by the temporal branch of the facial nerve (VII).