This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Login | Register | Univadis Login
Medical search

acute prostatitis

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 open access pages.

Acute bacterial prostatitis is an acute focal or diffuse suppurative inflammation of the prostate gland.

Acute prostatitis is a bacterial infection needing prompt treatment with antibiotics.

Gram-negative bacteria are the most common causative pathogens in acute prostatitis, most commonly (1)

  • Escherichia coli,
  • Proteus species,
  • Klebsiella species and
  • Pseudomonas species

The prostate is usually involved as a consequence of:

  • direct extension from the posterior urethra or urinary bladder
  • distant spread in the blood or lymphatics

Occasionally, infection may spread from the rectum.

Complications of acute prostatitis include:

  • acute urinary retention secondary to prostatic oedema,
  • chronic prostatitis,
  • prostatic abscess,
  • bacteraemia,
  • epididymitis and
  • pyelonephritis

Notes:

  • in England, resistance of E. coli (the main causative organism of acute prostatitis) in laboratory processed urine specimens to the following antibiotics is:
    • ciprofloxacin: 10.6% (varies by area from 7.8% to 13.7%)
    • trimethoprim: 30.3% (varies by area from 27.1% to 33.4%) (Public Health England. Antimicrobial resistance quarterly surveillance: March 2018)

Reference:

Links:

The information provided herein should not be used for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2016 Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions LtdĀ® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook.