Exclusion for five days (1,2):
- from rash onset - chickenpox*, measles
- from starting antibiotics - whooping cough (pertussis)
- from onset of swollen glands - mumps
German measles (rubella) (3)
- six days from onset of rash
Scarlet fever (3)
- child can return 24 hours after commencing appropriate antibiotic treatment
- antibiotic treatment recommended for the affected child
Exclusion until condition has settled for 24 hours (1,2)
- giardiasis; salmonella; shigella
Exclusion until lesions crusted or healed
- until lesions are crusted and healed, or 48 hours after commencing antibiotic treatment (3)
- exclude only if rash is weeping and cannot be covered
Exclusion from school until treated
With respect to hepatitis A:
- there is no justification for exclusion of well older children with good hygiene who will have been much more infectious prior to the diagnosis. Exclusion is justified for five days from the onset of jaundice or stools going pale for the under fives or where hygiene is poor (2)
With respect to gastroenteritis:
- NICE have stated that (4):
- children should not attend any school or other childcare facility while
they have diarrhoea or vomiting caused by gastroenteritis
- children should not go back to their school or other childcare facility until at least 48 hours after the last episode of diarrhoea or vomiting
- children should not swim in swimming pools for 2 weeks after the last episode of diarrhoea.
- children should not attend any school or other childcare facility while they have diarrhoea or vomiting caused by gastroenteritis
With respect to tinea capitis (fungal scalp infection):
- although the potential risk of transmission of infection to unaffected classmates has led some authorities to recommend exclusion from school - however mmost experts consider this impractical and suggest that children receiving appropriate systemic and adjunctive topical therapy should be allowed to attend school or nursery (5)
Conditions where there is no recommended period to be kept away from school (once the child is well):
- influenza; cold sores (HSV); molluscum contagiosum; ringworm (tinea); athlete's foot; roseola; slapped cheek disease (parvovirus); warts and verrucae; conjunctivitis; glandular fever; head lice; non-meningiococcal meningitis; thread worm; tonsillitis
- hand, foot and mouth disease
infected children should be kept away from school while they are unwell. The child should not be kept away from school till the last blister disappears, providing the child is well (6).
* note that guidance from Great Ormand Street Hospital suggests that chickenpox is infectious from a few days before the onset of the rash and not more than six days after first lesions appear (7)
- this guidance implies that school exclusion should be for six days from the onset of the rash and not five days as per DOH guidance
- 1) Pulse (17/7/99), 15.
- 2) Department of Health (2005). Guidance on infection control in schools and nurseries
- 3) Health Protection Agency (April 2010). Guidance on infection control in schools and other childcare settings
- 4) NICE (April 2009). Diarrhoea and vomiting in children.
- 5) ) Fuller LC et al. British Association of Dermatologists' guidelines for the management of tinea capitis 2014. Br J Dermatol. 2014;171(3):454-63.
- 6) Health Protection Agency. Essex Health Protection Unit 2009. Factsheet on hand, foot and mouth disease
- 7) Institute for Child Health, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust.