hamster bites or bite
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  • bites from small rodents (including mice, rats, gerbils, hamsters and guinea pigs) may be contaminated with a wide variety of organisms including Pasteurella spp
    • Streptobacillus moniliformis, another potential contaminant, can cause 'rat bite fever' (also known as Haverhill fever) - this generally presents, some weeks after a bite, with an influenza-like illness plus regional lymphadenopathy, arthralgia and a maculo-papular, urticarial or vasculitic rash
    • squirrel bites in the USA have been implicated in the transmission of typhus and tularaemia - a small study in the UK of 21 patients suffering squirrel bites revealed no cases of transmission of either of these infection (despite only 6 of the patients receiving antibiotic prophylaxis) (2)

Reference:

  1. Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin (2004); 42:65-72.
  2. Medeiros I, Saconato H. Antibiotic prophylaxis for mammalian bites (Cochrane review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2004.

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