This is a common infection of the glands of the eyelids causing an abscess, most frequently, due to staphylococcus aureus (1).
- usually a self limiting condition
- can be multiple or bilateral
- commonly seen in association with chronic blepharitis (1)
Episodes of hordeolum is more commonly observed in patients with
- chronic skin conditions
- decreased immunity due to certain systemic diseases e.g. - diabetes (1)
Vision is not affected (2).
There are two types:
- an external hordeolum (commonly known as a stye) - more common, external stye is an acute infection of a lash follicle (in the skin) and always associated with glands of Zeis or Moll
- an internal hordeolum - the internal stye is an acute infection of a meibomian gland situated within the tarsal plate (1).